To test scientist’s reactions to men and women with precisely equal qualifications, the researchers did a randomized double-blind study in which academic scientists were given application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position. The substance of the applications were all identical, but sometimes a male name was attached, and sometimes a female name.
Both men and women ranked the women applicants lower. This shows how deeply ingrained our cultural biases are. The author of the Discover article says at the end "I have no reason to think that scientists are more sexist than people in other professions in the US, but this is my profession, and I’d like to see it do better" but I suspect if we actually probed that more deeply we would find that science is slightly worse than other professions, simply for the fact that it won't admit it has a problem. I would like to see that kind of study done, though it would be more complicated to do.
This is along the lines of many other things I've quoted/mentioned before, such as peer-reviewed articles, and hiring decisions at higher levels (e.g. for tenure track positions). Unsurprising, for those of us who follow the literature, but another (depressing) data point.
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmi ... =pulsenews
Links to original study (and others) in the article.