Length of pregnancy, type of delivery

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This chart shows types of delivery on each day by percentage, based on the total births in the survey.

Does induction increase my odds of having a cesarean?

 Spontaneous LaborInduced Labor
Vaginal 8213 2048
Unscheduled Cesarean 824 496
Scheduled Cesarean 72 229

Excluding scheduled cesareans from the table above, there were 9037 spontaneous labors and 2544 inductions. 9% of the spontaneous labors ended in cesarean and 19% of the inductions ended in cesarean.

Some people have looked at these numbers, and the fact that there seems to be an increase in cesareans after 40W0D, and wondered if there's a correlation. In other words, do "timeline-based" inductions lead to increased cesareans? That analysis gets tricky, so I'll just post the numbers and let you decide yourself what's going on.
DayTotalFollowing inductionsFollowing spontaneous labor
Vaginal
Births
Unscheduled
Cesareans
Scheduled
Cesareans
Vaginal
Births
Unscheduled
Cesareans
% Unscheduled
Cesareans
Scheduled
Cesareans
Vaginal
Births
Unscheduled
Cesareans
% Unscheduled
Cesareans
Scheduled
Cesareans
245 13 5 2 1   2   67%   2   12   3   20%    
246 15 4 0   1   100%     15   3   17%    
247 10 4 0 1     0%     9   4   31%    
248 20 7 2 3   3   50%   1   17   4   19%   1  
249 20 12 0 3   9   75%     17   3   15%    
250 24 5 0 3   4   57%     21   1   5%    
251 21 0 0 1     0%     20     0%    
252 33 15 1 8   6   43%   1   25   9   26%    
253 25 8 0 4   3   43%     21   5   19%    
254 37 6 1 7   2   22%     30   4   12%   1  
255 34 9 1 4   2   33%     30   7   19%   1  
256 32 4 3 4   2   33%   1   28   2   7%   2  
257 37 3 2 5   1   17%   1   32   2   6%   1  
258 49 6 2 11   2   15%   1   38   4   10%   1  
259 85 12 7 26   5   16%   5   59   7   11%   2  
260 71 11 3 19   3   14%   1   52   8   13%   2  
261 76 6 7 19   4   17%   3   57   2   3%   4  
262 76 17 2 9   5   36%   2   67   12   15%    
263 94 17 2 17   2   11%     77   15   16%   2  
264 78 16 5 12   3   20%   4   66   13   16%   1  
265 126 10 5 15   1   6%   5   111   9   8%    
266 162 12 7 35   4   10%   4   127   8   6%   3  
267 145 17 3 31   9   23%   2   114   8   7%   1  
268 153 13 8 33   5   13%   8   120   8   6%    
269 179 20 6 22   4   15%   6   157   16   9%    
270 218 26 5 32   4   11%   2   186   22   11%   3  
271 194 23 13 28   7   20%   11   166   16   9%   2  
272 250 26 18 43   11   20%   10   207   15   7%   8  
273 332 40 27 83   9   10%   22   249   31   11%   5  
274 291 32 28 65   14   18%   26   226   18   7%   2  
275 307 23 16 56   7   11%   10   251   16   6%   6  
276 381 36 13 61   22   27%   12   320   14   4%   1  
277 387 36 9 50   16   24%   6   337   20   6%   3  
278 387 29 8 55   9   14%   6   332   20   6%   2  
279 413 58 8 43   13   23%   5   370   45   11%   3  
280 817 94 21 104   28   21%   12   713   66   8%   9  
281 489 45 5 58   10   15%   5   431   35   8%    
282 414 53 8 62   14   18%   8   352   39   10%    
283 412 43 7 68   14   17%   5   344   29   8%   2  
284 384 52 7 72   20   22%   6   312   32   9%   1  
285 385 54 0 65   15   19%     320   39   11%    
286 413 57 5 80   21   21%   5   333   36   10%    
287 442 61 6 117   25   18%   6   325   36   10%    
288 336 52 7 94   22   19%   7   242   30   11%    
289 277 34 7 81   16   16%   6   196   18   8%   1  
290 284 46 3 92   28   23%   2   192   18   9%   1  
291 209 30 3 75   13   15%   3   134   17   11%    
292 165 33 0 70   11   14%     95   22   19%    
293 146 17 1 58   9   13%   1   88   8   8%    
294 120 33 2 56   22   28%   2   64   11   15%    
295 72 13 2 44   12   21%   2   28   1   3%    
296 45 10 1 21   7   25%   1   24   3   11%    
297 26 13 0 8   8   50%     18   5   22%    
298 15 3 0 5   1   17%     10   2   17%    
299 13 3 1 3   3   50%   1   10     0%    
300 11 2 0 3   1   25%     8   1   11%    

Due Date Survey Data

Due date statistics: A study on the length of pregnancy
Probability of delivery resulting from spontaneous labor after 35 weeks
Probability of delivery within x days of a given date
Length of pregnancy by week
Spontaneous labor and due date determination
Length of pregnancy, comparing subsequent births for individual moms
Length of pregnancy for first time vs. second & third time moms
Length of pregnancy, type of delivery
Gestation vs. Birthweight
Probablity of Induction after a given day
Average day of spontaneous labor vs. age of mother at time of birth
Are more babies born during a full moon?
What's the most common day of the week for babies to be born?
I'm still pregnant at 40W. What's it mean?
Do winter babies arrive later?
What if I know my conception date?
Are boys or girls born later?
Subsequent pregnancy date search
How do inductions bias the due date statistics?
Birth Stories
Survey input dates

More Resources

Pregnancy Day-by-Day
Fast pregnancy calendar
Baby age calendar
EDD Icon Generator
Jo's Birth Story
Weeks vs. Months Explained
Charts generated by flot
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Recent Comments

For more support, encouragement, Q&A,
you are invited to join our pregnancy forum. We are dedicated to answering complicated questions as logically as we possibly can.

New parent help/suggestions

Sat Jan 14 10:07 PM by antfancier in Pregnancy & Parenting

I agree with everything lyra211 said and will add a few more.

Things you don't need:
Anything soft, fluffy or furry. My baby couldn't care less about minky blankets and soft toys. Plus they seem more gross to clean when they get covered in bodily fluids.
Clothes that look like adult clothes. It's so difficult to squeeze baby thighs into miniature corduroys or denim jeans which have no give to the fabric.
Baby washcloths. Babies make a disproportionate amount of mess so you need adult size washcloths to clean them up.

Things that were super useful:
A folding changing mat. I have a SkipHop one which has enough storage for wipes and diapers, which was all I needed to carry with me when I had a newborn. Now that he's bigger, I appreciate the larger size of the mat because the one that came with my diaper bag is way too small.
Balls. They were the first thing he played with and still his favourite toys. At the beginning he liked one made by Oball which was easy to pick up, and a soft fabric one which made a crinkly noise. Now he loves throwing a soft rubber ball and watching it bounce.


development balalnce

Fri Dec 16 5:02 PM by rinn in Pregnancy & Parenting

I was proficient in fine/gross motor skills and cognitive development for my age, but I was further behind in speech/language development and social/emotional development. I caught up in them perhaps by ages 5-7, with vestiges of social issues lasting longer (like my temper). There was nothing inherently bad about being a bit off in timing, though in my case my imbalance was severe enough that I did need professional help from a speech pathologist.

....New social situations make me feel somewhat awkward, but I've also learned that many other people feel the same way about novel contexts, so I think I'm with the curve there.

geez, are you my twin, sonic? XD

I grew up with definite lag in speech/language development. I had a speech pathologist in elementary school work on my -L-'s, -r-'s and -th-'s; and when I essentially "graduated" from it I was taken out of the IEP program. my mom and I now see that being a mistake. middle school went decently, but I struggled in language arts; and by the time I went into high school I was struggling in my history/English humanities course and Algebra. I struggled in English classes because of my inability to express myself through language clearly, and I struggled in algebra because I couldn't follow a thing my teacher was saying (we had someone tutor me who literally asked why she was tutoring me because I grasped the concepts five minutes after her explaining it).


Parents Warned they Could Lose Custody of Fourteen-Year-Old Over This

Mon Nov 7 3:33 AM by garbage videos in Pregnancy & Parenting

It is wrong to lock horses in cages and breed them as if they are slaves.
I sincerely hope that you aren't condoning slavery with that implication that it isn't wrong to keep humans in cages and force them to "breed". It's probably just an unfortunate word choice.
I said it is wrong to put horses in cages and breed them as slaves. So I don't know how you read things. Frankly you are irritating me because I shouldn't have to explain how I said 2+2=4 when you are accusing me of saying 2+2=5. In this age people should have mastered how to read clearly and I shouldn't have to micromanage my text and clear what I have already layed out clearly for you.

To be fair, if the girl is a Female to Male transsexual, her hormones are not so important, at an old age Male hormones will mutate her body and have the same effect. But with boy's its more tragic and serious. Boys who want to be girls, must stop their toxic T at an early age, or else their face will be permanently ugly and bony


bringing children up naturist

Sat Sep 24 1:18 AM by filmmakingally in Pregnancy & Parenting

It's about teaching children to make love so that they do it themselves. Love has no age or genetic requirement. It's healthy for young siblings to make love, and it's unhealthy if they don't. Sexual repression of children fucks them up as adults. Because the parents are secretive about it, children get the idea that it's bad, which starts the process of sexual repression.

Gross. Yuck. Eww. I've run out of ways to express how disgusted I am with what you've said here. Ewwwwwww!!!!!!!

No, siblings should not make love. It is in our genetic interest that we don't do this. Ever. This is a cultural universal.


Middle grade / Beginning Chapter Books

Fri Sep 9 8:01 PM by melsbells in Pregnancy & Parenting

I think a big driver in getting them to read is to find stories that they like.
Definitely this. I once tutored a kid who had been held back twice in elementary school and was still a couple grade levels behind on reading skills. He was given a book from the Captain Underpants series because it was supposed to be at his reading level but he thought it was utterly stupid. I don't think we ever found books that both matched his reading level and maturity level, but once we started reading books better suited to his interests, it didn't matter that they were more difficult.

One of my cousins kids read the Warriors series and was really into it. She was bulllied in school, but I don't think it was instigated by her reading choices.

I don't know any recent books for this age group but I've heard great things about the Adventure Time comics.


Activities for 1-3 yo's

Sat Jan 14 7:07 PM by antfancier in Pregnancy & Parenting

I find theimaginationtree.com has lots of inspiring ideas. Some look like they take quite a bit of prep, but if you're doing it for a whole class then it might be worth it. You can sort activities by age as well so it's easier to search.


Academic redshirting

Wed Dec 7 8:22 PM by Nachos in Pregnancy & Parenting

I'm on the fence about this. I was always the youngest in my class because I was born 2 days before the cut off. I started school JUST after my 5th birthday (Go England.... not...) and this made a huge gap between me and the oldest kids in the class who were almost a whole year older. However, even though I might have struggled more then I'm ok now, you know? It might have even been helpful for me, pushing myself to learn more and try and be smarter. My sister was held back for a year in preschool in Germany because she didn't speak German well enough for the first grade and so she has always been the oldest in class and she's not really as academic as me. This is all anecdata of course, but interesting to ponder over.


kids' obsessions

Sat Oct 15 8:08 PM by melsbells in Pregnancy & Parenting

I could see saunas becoming an obsession for a number of very social reasons as well, depending on your family's sauna practices. I honestly can't think of any common themes or rituals shared by all branches of my U.S. family, other than like eating together, but that seems too banal(/essential for survival) to really become an obsession. My Finnish family, on the other hand, all sauna as a social ritual. Whether or not you allow your kid in saunas yet, if there's a lot of exposure to the ritual, they could probably pick up on the social importance. It might make sense that kids are probably wired to pick up on things that the adults in their life think are important (**not a child psychologist**).
<...> I know I was super into the instant evaporation of water and associated *hissssss* the first time I was in a sauna at like age seven.
This is an excellent point. And although I know they exist, I haven't encountered any Finns who don't like sauna. There are a lot of steps to it. The kid gets to help their grandfather build the fire when we're together, knows that wood burning saunas are better than electric saunas, and absolutely loves the sound of the water hitting the hot stones. I can't imitate the sound as well as the kid does.


Don't give your kids antidepressants.

Thu Sep 15 9:13 PM by Nachos in Pregnancy & Parenting

Mental health issues will never start to hurt, therefore no preemptive treatment is needed.

Mental health issues hurt, take it from me. There are many psychosomatic disorders out there which affect your body even though the real problem is in your mind. But to get better, you HAVE to treat both. Pre-emptive treatment also can stop some disorders from becoming too bad. And yes, sometimes drugs can be very very helpful.

I don't think you know what you're talking about and all this "I know because of divine intuition" bullshit is starting to piss me off. if you ask others for sources, be kind enough to provide some yourself.

If this thread continues to be shit-slinging, I will lock it.


How to Announce Baby #4?

Thu Sep 8 5:00 AM by Carol Palmer in Pregnancy & Parenting

FB pic is the best idea. All your friends and relatives can definitely post in comments or expressions . Consider yourself lucky to have many children. They are a blessing from God


tactile stuff

Wed Jan 4 6:14 AM by Neko in Pregnancy & Parenting

All the pliable/crafty stuff I can think of has been mentioned. ETA: I lied. Bread dough!

But if generally tactile surfaces also apply, mermaid sequin pillows are comforting. It was one of my impulse buys at a department store about a month ago. I couldn't stop petting the display. The sequined side seemed like it wouldn't be comfortable to rest on but it hasn't been an issue. My stepdad really likes them so I got him one for giftmas and he said it helps distract him when chronic pain keeps him awake at night. https://www.etsy.com/listing/470423508/ ... _active_40

I haven't field tested them on my nieces and nephews yet. That could be fun.


protective restrictions for children

Tue Dec 6 10:08 PM by melsbells in Pregnancy & Parenting

The Wolfpack, a documentary about six bright teenage brothers have spent their entire lives locked away from society in a manhattan housing project. all they know of the outside is gleaned from the movies they watch obsessively (and recreate meticulously). yet as adolescence looms, they dream of escape, ever more urgently, into the beckoning world. The film is coming from the bias that the parents have wronged their children. We're told that in the past they have left the apartment, only as a group, and up to eight times a year. One year they didn't get out at all. It's unclear what the objective of these outings were. The film leaves a lot unanswered. We know they are homeschooled by their mother, who's a certified teacher, but what the homeschooling looked like is never examined. I can't help but think that these kids all around really healthy, charming, affectionate, considerate, welcoming, really only positive adjectives come to mind.


Sleep Training for Parents and Infants

Sat Oct 1 9:34 PM by antfancier in Pregnancy & Parenting

Thank you! I'm currently stuck under 20lbs of sleeping baby because all day time naps have to be in my arms or they don't happen.


learning to use a toilet

Sun Sep 11 2:33 PM by Angelica in Pregnancy & Parenting

My statement was meant to indicate that I'm not finished with my thoughts on this topic, rather than to create drama.

I believe parents in this world universally make a big mistake when it comes time to start thinking about their children using the toilet. Kids feel forced to do it, and this breeds resentment and damages their self-esteem. Having the father (the mother is needed in the battle against the patriarchy) stay home with the children and homeschool them while they haven't yet decided to train themselves is the way to avoid humiliation by their more-repressed peers.

I would also like to point out that limiting elimination to the toilet at any age creates situations where the person's health is compromised due to the lack of availability of a bathroom. In these situations, I strongly advise parents to let their children wear diapers no matter their age. Retention can lead to kidney stones, intestinal damage, urinary tract infections and harmful bacteria and toxins in the bloodstream.


Carriers vs Ring Sling

Mon Sep 5 8:59 PM by melsbells in Pregnancy & Parenting

^That's funny because the bjorn carrier is the one I was given that I didn't like. I think that just re-emphasizes that the same thing isn't going to work the same for everyone.