# How do inductions bias the due date statistics?

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I wanted to make this simple data table after many visitors posed this question: "We know that many women are induced for to avoid going postdate, doesn't this bias our data?"

Fair question. Most of the graphs I have just throw out inductions and show data based on only spontaneous labor. But what if ALL those women who were induced were actually supposed to go late, how long would the real average pregnancy last?

## Is the Mittendorf-Williams rule be more accurate?

Most people who ask me if 288 days is the real average have read about the "Mittendorf Rule", also known as the "Mittendorf-Williams" rule. This is based on one 1990 Harvard study called The length of uncomplicated human gestation (Mittendorf et al). The study looked at 31 first-time moms at one private practice, and their average due date was eight days early. If you want to read it, it's here. But I have not found any other study that duplicated thier results, and I've found multiple other studies (noted on the intro page) that recommend sticking with 40 weeks (280 days), changing the average by maybe a day or two for first time moms. I separate out my survey data for first time moms here.

I'll just say it: Many people also ask this question because they think the medical community has an agenda and wants to induce us "early" for convenience. I do not believe this; I like doctors. They are having babies too.

288 days is actually a huge difference and it would be VERY difficult to keep using 280 days if 288 was the truth. With the 9-10 day standard deviaitons we've found, an average of 288 would mean that on day 280, 80% of pregnant women would have to still be pregnant.

Is that even possible? On this page, I pretend that every single induction before 40 weeks would have been a spontaneous birth at 42 weeks... and I still can't get to a 288 day average. Sorry, Mittendorf-Williams rule. But so many women spontaneously go into labor in the days leading up to 40 weeks, there aren't enough inductions to make a difference.

Here are the median days for the spontaneous labors (12410 total), and the shifted median if every induction (3825 total) was actually supposed to be a very late birth:

Day Spontaneous births on this day Spontaneous births on or before this day Spontaneous births after this day Spontaneous births after this day
plus all inductions
Notes?
Before 39 W 2943 9467 13292
39W,0D 376 3319 9091 12916
39W,1D 351 3670 8740 12565
39W,2D 356 4026 8384 12209
39W,3D 466 4492 7918 11743
39W,4D 476 4968 7442 11267
39W,5D 482 5450 6960 10785
39W,6D 544 5994 6416 10241
40W,0D 1053 7047 5363 9188 Median for spontaneous births in the survey (more babies were born on or before this day than are born after)
40W,1D 620 7667 4743 8568
40W,2D 548 8215 4195 8020 Median if all inductions are added to the "later birth" total (more babies were spontaneously born on or before this day than all the ones born after, or induced)
40W,3D 512 8727 3683 7508
40W,4D 465 9192 3218 7043
40W,5D 493 9685 2725 6550
40W,6D 488 10173 2237 6062
41W,0D 496 10669 1741 5566
41W,1D 378 11047 1363 5188
41W,2D 307 11354 1056 4881
41W,3D 296 11650 760 4585
41W,4D 212 11862 548 4373
41W,5D 156 12018 392 4217
41W,6D 138 12156 254 4079
42W,0D 98 12254 156 3981

Conclusion: if all the induced women who took my survey had been left to stay pregnant until the very end (past 42 weeks), then the median day for birth would shift by 2 days. Not an entire week.

### Due Date Survey Data

Due date statistics: A study on the length of pregnancy
Probability of delivery resulting from spontaneous labor after 35 weeks
Probability of delivery within x days of a given date
Length of pregnancy by week
Spontaneous labor and due date determination
Length of pregnancy, comparing subsequent births for individual moms
Length of pregnancy for first time vs. second & third time moms
Length of pregnancy, type of delivery
Gestation vs. Birthweight
Probablity of Induction after a given day
Average day of spontaneous labor vs. age of mother at time of birth
Are more babies born during a full moon?
What's the most common day of the week for babies to be born?
I'm still pregnant at 40W. What's it mean?
Do winter babies arrive later?
What if I know my conception date?
Are boys or girls born later?
Subsequent pregnancy date search
How do inductions bias the due date statistics?
Birth Stories
Survey input dates

### More Resources

Pregnancy Day-by-Day
Fast pregnancy calendar
Baby age calendar
EDD Icon Generator
Jo's Birth Story
Weeks vs. Months Explained
Charts generated by flot
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